Biomass As a Credible Energy Alternative

With all that has been stated about biomass, it seems, literally, to be the answer to the energy crisis. Biomass presents the planet using a self-indulgent and replenishable energy resource in perpetuity. Among its other advantages are listed job development, carbon neutrality plus also a capacity that but replaces fossil fuels.

Heizomat Biomass energy would be the usage of energy stored in organic matter. These organic matters are occasionally burned directly to produce heat or refined to create fuel like ethanol or other alcohol fuels which can be converted to liquid transport fuels, used readily by current-generation vehicles. The gas cycles made by biomass processing systems would have no greenhouse emissions, and this processing is currently easily convertible and harmonious with the present infrastructure of electricity on the planet. See more: Boilers – Heizomat Canada

Plants and sunlight

Plants have a lot of properties which make them perfect for biomass energy usage and processing. Using biomass energy is in fact an indirect means of using energy from sunlight. Since plants are solar collectors, they easily store energy as a fact of the biology. Plants are self-regenerating too, and they are totally and spontaneously recyclable.

The timber industry generates sawdust, timber slash and mill scrap which are all considered organic materials. In South Africa in which some 18 million tons of timber per annum have chosen the output of forest biomass is estimated to be approximately 6.7 million tons. The accessible portion is approximately 60 percent of the total which translates to approximately 1.5 million tons of biomass each year. Viewed broadly this biomass could replace about one million tons of coal, making carbon neutral forest biomass a viable alternative to fossil fuels.

By no means exclusive to forestry, biomass is practically everywhere. In the agricultural sector, residuals such as bagasse (fibers) from sugarcane, straw from rice along with nutshells as well as manure lagoons from cows, poultry and hog farms are more usable. In towns, paper and yard wastes are suitable for biomass processing. Click here to know more

Biomass produces electricity

These natural substances can be captured and converted into fuels acceptable for producing power. The planting of plants like fast-growing trees and grasses especially for energy generation, can also prevent soil erosion and reduce global warming.

As per a recent paper entitled’Carbon sequestration through biomass power’,

Worldwide, biomass accounts for 15% of their energy source. Much more significant as a power supply in developing nations than in industrial countries, Biomass provides 70-90% of their energy requirements of Africa, 32 percent in China, also in Brazil, 33 percent.

By comparison, the USA gets just four% of its electricity from biomass. However, in the US, investment and available technology can raise the feasibility and efficacy of developing biomass as an energy crop and converting biomass into a more carbon-neutral energy supply.

Estimates of electricity capacity in America generated from biomass vary from 7 000 to 10,000 MW. Greater competition in the energy business and technological advances in biomass electricity production are likely to raise the possible levels of electricity from biomass. If these gains in biomass capability replace a number of their energy supplied by fossil fuels, then this will decrease the US CO2 emission rate by up to one third.

In South Africa, among the Nation’s biomass jobs is in Mondi Business Paper’s Richards Bay Mill, about 180km from Durban.

Coal-fired boilers are now employed at Mondi Richards Bay to generate heat and electricity for the production of pulp and linerboard. If necessary, modifications will be performed to existing precipitators to be able to deal with emissions from the further biomass load from the boiler and to make certain that emissions levels comply with all federal legislation.

The project concentrates on the collection and retrieval of biomass waste, to be used in the creation of renewable energy as an alternative fuel to coal for overall functions and especially to generate steam from the power boiler on site.

The sets contain penalties, wood chips, and logs currently serving as landfill at a Richards Bay Municipal Landfill site plus some plantation waste now left in the plantations to decay.

Mondi SilvaCel along with other timber chips (chippers) in the area of Richards Bay currently transport and landfill their biomass waste in a local municipal landfill website. With the execution of this project, these surgeries will no more use biomass waste as landfill. In addition, other potential sources of biomass waste from surrounding lands (stumps, off-cuts( and branches) generally left from the plantations may be retrieved and processed into fuel.

A higher profile project is in the Coega Industrial Development Zone (IDZ). A investment of R70 million has been secured for a biomass fuel project which will provide 10 000 tons of the item per month to European markets.

Job production

The plant will be among the largest among the 285 biomass operations globally. Based on Eastern Cape Biomass Gas Pellets CEO Willie Claassen, the project would create about 100 jobs during the building of the plant, an additional 60 direct jobs and approximately 3000 indirect work in the Eastern Cape metropolitan areas.

The Coega plant could use woods deposits, sawmill dust and waste vegetation from the Eastern Cape and part of the southern Cape as well as some scrap wood in the government’s working for water programme.

Weighing it all energy biomass, as a carbon-neutral supply of energy, many says, is great for replacing fossil fuels. This has the added advantage of counteracting the impact of global warming and in so doing can be eligible for the use of carbon credits under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).

About the author