Before tooth extraction has to be done, the patient is undergoing a thorough dental exam. Your dentist must know not only your complete medical history but your dental history. It’s essential to prevent any health risk issues like any allergies or heart issues out of anesthetic or antibiotics.
Toothache is among the most painful things you can experience. The solution it can get is removal, As soon as your tooth is badly damaged. You may go to your dentist.
For easy tooth extraction
Most of us are afraid of yanking our teeth and our dentists are aware of this, so they will give you local anesthesia to numb the tooth and the gums before eliminating the tooth. Dental sedation is recommended for a patient with dental stress to feel relaxed.
Simple tooth elimination may be done with the extraction forceps without difficulty. To loosen the tooth, the dentist goes it back and forth from the socket. If the enamel is hard to loosen, then the tool referred to as ‘elevator’ or ‘luxatar’ is used to split the periodontal cells from the jawbone. The tooth can be pulled out using the forceps once it’s already loosened.
For surgical tooth extraction
This procedure is typically done with the following cases.
When teeth do not have enough tooth structure and are not possible for the extraction tools to grasp anything.
Teeth using curved roots
Impacted teeth these are the teeth that haven’t erupted over the gum line.
In this technique, the tooth needs to be cut into small pieces to perform the tooth extraction. After that, the tooth socket is carefully clean so no puss or debris will be abandoned.
Suturing or stitching is needed. Nearly all of the current dentists are using the thread so that you don’t need to return to them to the removal of stitches.
For multiple tooth extractions
In case several or most of your teeth have to be eliminated, general anesthesia may be used. This is much more powerful than the one that is local and it makes you sleep throughout the procedure.
The majority of the patients prefer to have numerous tooth removal performed at the same time to save time for dental visits and to go through the distress just once. Another reason is for the preparation of denture replacement.
Not everyone is capable of the process. Your medical condition must be perfect to endure the stress of tooth extractions. Check with Alaska Dental Care.
Blood clot formation in the tooth socket is quite important for the healing process. Your dentist will require you to bite down cotton gauze for approximately 30 minutes or more for blood clot formation. Be careful not to enter any food debris and other irritants to the tooth socket to protect it and to not cause any infection.
Things to perform after tooth extractions process
Don’t lie down – bending down immediately following the extraction might cause bleeding. So you keep your head elevated use extra cushions.
Protect the extraction site – chew on the opposite side of the mouth for at least 24 hours. A soft diet is necessary and you must avoid putting your finger into your wound simply to check it out. Before altering the gauze, Clean your hand.
If you brush your teeth, keep away from the region close to the extraction for 24 hours or until your wound is healed.
Do not rinse on the very first day. You can do rinsing after the second day utilizing gentle antiseptic rinses.
Avoid strenuous physical activities for your first 3 to 5 times for it may cause unnecessary bleeding.
Reasons for extracting a tooth
Normally, whenever there’s a tooth breakage or tooth damage due to tooth decay that the dentist tries and repair the tooth by various methods like filling, fixing a crown, etc.. There are times where the tooth damage is indeed much it can’t be repaired and under such circumstances, he has no option aside from extracting the tooth. This is the cause of tooth extraction.
Also, many illnesses and drugs demand tooth extraction because they weaken the immune system and lead to disease of the tooth. These are – cancer medications, dental caries, gum disorders, extra teeth, organ transplant, and orthodontic therapy, radiation therapy, and wisdom teeth.
Kinds of extraction
There are two different types of tooth extractions – simple and surgical.
Simple extractions – These are done on teeth that are externally visible in the mouth and can readily be achieved by general dentists. The dentist provides a regional anesthetic shot before he extracts the tooth.
Surgical extractions – all these are done on teeth which are impossible to be obtained easily; this may take place if the teeth are broken beneath the gum or partial eruption of the teeth. In this case, pull the gums back thereby providing access and the surgeon has to cut. Surgical extractions take a specialist oral surgeon at the South Anchorage Dental Center.
Before the extraction of your teeth your oral physician or dentist may learn about your health and dental histories; also he might take X-ray of the affected area. If you have some other health care issues, weak immune system or an infected tooth, Additionally, he might prescribe antibiotics.
For easy extractions, your dentist might prescribe OTC anti-inflammatory drug like ibuprofen.
For surgical extractions, your dentist may prescribe pain drugs for a couple of days and change over to NSAID.
When your tooth is expressed your dentist will make you sting a gauze piece for facilitating clotting and you must not disturb this clot on the wound.
You have to use ice packs to contain the swelling following surgery. When your jaw becomes stiff, use warm compresses.
Most of the stitches will vanish within a couple of weeks. Warm salt water rinsing might dissolve the stitches. Leftover stitches will be removed by your dentist.
Prevent smoking or spitting following the operation because this could get rid of the clot from the tooth hole thereby increasing the bleeding and resulting in a dry socket.
The risk factors due to tooth extraction are – infection, extended bleeding, swelling, dry socket, nerve injury, tooth injury, incomplete extraction, fractured jaw, and the hole at the nasal, sore jaw joint or muscles and numbness in the lower lip.